Building a custom water cooling system is not for the faint hearted, but will reward you tenfold. They are able to lower the thermal temperature of your unit significantly. This can make your computer run faster if overclocked and more efficiently than it normally would with a standard air cooling unit. When building a customized water cooling system, you are able to pick specific parts to customize the look and feel of your pc with your own needs in mind. The process of building a customized water cooling unit is not an easy one, nor is it cheap, but in the long run you will be able to run a much more efficient system and be happy with your computer overall.
Before you can begin with your water cooling system installation you need to know exactly what you need. There are multiple things to take into consideration including your case, water blocks, radiator, pump, reservoir, and your tubing and fittings. Because this is aftermarket, you want to ensure that your case is large enough to support your new water cooling system. You will need a water block for each component of your computer you are looking to cool from only the cpu to all the system parts with the motherboard and graphic cards aswell . The waterblock is what is responsible for flushing the heat away from your computer components. The radiator is what assists your water block in cooling the water. It moves the heated coolant (water) through a series of tubes to cool down the temperatures and send the liquid back at normal temps. Put simply, a reservoir is a tank of water. This provides your cooling system with water, allows the water to shrink or expand based on temperature, and gives room for any air bubbles to escape your system. Finally, you need to select your tubing and fittings to hold it all together properly and allow the water to move without much resistance.
Beginning Your Setup:
Once you have all of your customized parts selected, you will need to know exactly how you wish for the system to layout. Having a readily made diagram that is easy to read and comprehend will give you a good idea of how to set everything up and avoid any delays in your project.
Setting Up Your Water Cooler:
1. It is best to start with your water block (usually cpu block) when officially beginning your project. It is the piece that goes inside your computer on all of your components you want to cool, and you want to make sure it is securely installed prior to adding additional parts. Start by connecting the tubing you will need to the water block, and then mount the plate to your mother board. By connecting the tubing prior to mounting the water block, you avoid putting unneeded pressure on your mother board.
2. Next, move on to your radiator. This is the largest component of your water cooling system and can be placed either inside or outside of your case. If inside , ensure that your radiator is not blowing hot air into your computer case. If outside , make sure that you have a power source for the radiator.
3. The next largest piece, the reservoir, should be installed next. This can also be placed inside or outside of your computer case. Make sure that you know exactly where your fill port is, and make it convenient to access for when you will have to refill it with liquid.
4. The next part, and probably the trickiest, is installing your GPU block (if you want to add watercooling to the graphic cards). The risk is in having to remove the existing cooler on your video card as this will expose its processing cores, making it susceptible to damage.There are some models that are ready to connect to a liquid cooling system out of the box (Evga hydrocopper editions). While there are no set rules on how to install a GPU block, since it depends on your specific cooling system, there are some general rules that apply.
Carefully unscrew your video card’s current cooler.
Remove any of the old thermal paste and add new thermal paste to replace it.
Attach the water block to the area, making sure that you apply even pressure over the processors.
For details on exactly how to install the GPU water block, you can find the specific instructions included with the one that you purchased. Ensure your video card is secured to avoid any warping on your motherboard while making sure you are not applying any unnecessary pressure to the area.
5. Now that the hard parts are over, you can move on to installing your pumps. These can be installed anywhere within your case as they are normally small. Connect your output pump to your radiator and your input pump to the reservoir. Make sure that the tubing you are using is long enough to provide easy access in the future and you have added the fittings.
6. Now that you have everything installed and established, all you will need to do is add your coolant. Fill the reservoir with the required amount of water. Once you have added your liquid, take a look and make sure all of the tubing and connections are secure to ensure your cooling system will not leak. Once you turn it on, watch and make sure there were no missed leaks. If everything appears to be fine from there, check on it again in a few minutes just to double check.
Please note that this is a tutorial to help you understand and implement installing a custom watercooling system. We are not responsible for any damage that can be caused if your not an intermediate to experienced pc builder.